How to Spot a Ghostwriting Scam

In 2018, I wrote a post that, in part, warned about a solicitation from an obviously dodgy “ghostwriting” service (one big clue: the mangled English everywhere on its website).

With a bit of digging, I discovered not only that this service was a single scammer doing business on four different websites under four different names, but that domain registration, content, and other similarities linked the ghostwriting sites with nearly 30 other scammy websites offering other kinds of services, from logo creation to accounting.

Back then, ghostwriting scams (ghostscams for short) weren’t super-common. How times have changed. There are a TON of ghostscams now.

Like the ghostscams I wrote about in 2018, they offer not just writing services, but editing, cover design, publishing packages, marketing and more. They do business under multiple names–ten, twenty, even more–and many are part of even larger complexes of predatory service providers: video creation, Wikipedia page creation, illustrations, web design.

Since they’re based overseas–primarily in the Philippines–their websites are littered with English-language errors. They misrepresent–and outright lie about–their qualifications, credentials, and projects. A common feature of ghostscam websites is a false claim to have worked on books from well-known, trad-pubbed authors. Many have even gone to the trouble of inventing fake staff rosters.

Based on complaints I’ve gotten from writers who’ve fallen into the ghostscams’ clutches, as well as several chats with scammer sales associates, costs can range from $1,500 to $3,000 for a “written from scratch” book of around 350 pages–all paid in advance, naturally. Of course the initially quoted price is always higher–but there’s always a very special discount, just for you! Editing alone can be as much as $4,000, depending on manuscript length–though when I lamented that the price was more than I’d budgeted, several ghostscam sales associates offered to cut the cost by a third or more. If you want a cover and publishing services, those will set you back another $500-$1,000.

Here’s the “discounted” price Efficient Ghostwriter quoted for my 350-page “romance fiction novel”, including writing, editing, cover design, and publishing on Amazon, B&N, etc.:

Ghost Writer Experts was more pricey–and that’s even after granting me a super-exciting 10-Year Anniversary Sale! discount. But they did throw in a $550 publishing package for free:

I’ve gotten complaints from writers who’ve used ghostscams for editing, and have received edited or copy edited manuscripts full of errors, or random and unnecessary changes. And while I’ve never heard from anyone who has gone all the way through the bookwriting process, I’d imagine that the quality of the finished book is equivalent to what you’d get from a ghostwriter on Fiverr–which, by the way, would cost you a whole lot less. (As noted above, all of the ghostscams’ claims about their portfolios are fake, so there’s no way to research people who’ve actually used their services.)

How to identify whether that company you’re thinking of using to write, edit, and/or publish your book is a ghostscam? Following are some suggestions.

SOLICITATION

I’ve said this so often that I’m sure my readers are sick of hearing it, but these days, THE NUMBER ONE SIGN OF A WRITING SCAM IS SOLICITATION.

I’ll say it again. The. Number. One. Sign. Of. A. Writing. Scam. Is. Solicitation.

Just like reputable literary agents and publishers, who only very rarely reach out to writers they don’t already represent, reputable ghostwriters and editors will not email or phone you out of the blue to try and convince you to buy their services. Especially with something as cheesy as this:

Here’s another thing no reputable company will tell you: that your book can (or will) be a best seller. That’s a guarantee no one can make (well, no one who isn’t a con artist or a liar), and reputable companies and individuals know better than to make it.

Bonus bogosity: the email address in the solicitation above references one ghostscam (Pearson Ghostwriting). The text references another (Paramount Ghostwriting). And the links lead to a third (Central Ghostwriting) and a fourth (Ghostwriting Publication).

TERRIBLE ENGLISH

If you’re going to hire someone to write an English-language book for you, or edit or copy edit or proof your English-language manuscript, they should be capable of producing literate English prose. Right? I mean, it just makes sense.

Ghostscams–which are based overseas, primarily in the Philippines, and are created and staffed largely by people for whom English is a second language–maintain websites that are stuffed with ungrammatical, tortured, and sometimes incomprehensible English. For instance this, from Pacific Ghost Writing:

Or this, from Paramount Ghost Writing (note that they get their own name wrong):

Or this, from Ghostwriting Avenue:

As a side note, one common English-language error on Philippines-based scam sites is misuse of the word “avail.” If you see something like this, it’s a sure-fire tipoff that whoever you’re dealing with is not a US company:

Seriously, if you want to hire someone to pen down your creativity, publish your beautifully conjured fiction, or harness your creative horses, don’t overlook bad English in their self-presentation. If a company doesn’t care enough, or isn’t capable, of producing a grammatical, error-free website, what reason is there to assume that their writing and editing staff will be any more competent?

I am constantly amazed by how many writers ignore or overlook this huge flashing warning sign.

ABSENCE OF VERIFIABLE INFORMATION

You wouldn’t hire a writer or editor who couldn’t demonstrate that they have the credentials to properly do the job, would you?

A reputable writing- or publishing-related service provider should offer concrete, specific information about itself and its staff, including staff names and biographies, that make it possible for you to assess–and verify–its bona fides. The absence of that information, or info that’s so vague it can’t be researched, or claims that can’t be confirmed or turn out to be false, are  warning signs.

Something like this, for instance (from Ghost Writing Professionals) doesn’t cut it:

Which bestselling authors? Which former editors? Which PhD experts? A reputable company would tell you.

Of course, a disreputable company can simply lie. A number of ghostscams provide fake author rosters, using stock photos, made-up names, and, sometimes, fake biographies.

An example: these identical rosters of Experienced and Renowned Ghostwriters claimed by The Book Writing Corp, Professional Ghostwriter, Creative Bookwriters, and Ghostwriting Avenue (note how similar all these websites look). The images are stock. The supposed authors are nowhere to be found online. And the wordy but completely specifics-free “biographies”, which are as horribly written as the rest of the text on these four sites, are nonsensical.

More identical fake staff rosters from Ghost Writing Publication and Ghost Writing Solution. These guys aren’t trying nearly as hard: it’s just stock images and fake names.

Along with websearches on the supposed authors’ names to see if you can find any professional references, reverse image searches can pinpoint a scam (you can use TinEye or Google Image Search). Some of the more advanced scams employ deepfake algorithms to produce unique images, but many just use Shutterstock or another stock photo provider. For instance, here’s “Nicholas Brown” from Paramount Ghostwriters and Versatile Ghostwriters:

And here’s “Nicholas”, who normally resides on stock photo site Alamy, where he’s described as “Attractive man in armchair looking at camera”.

DISCREPANCIES

Internal inconsistencies and claims that can be disproved are also signs that a site is dodgy.

Perhaps the ghostscam claims a US, UK, or Canadian address, but its website is littered with English-language errors. Why would a company based in an English-speaking country have such trouble producing clean, grammatical text? (And why would you want a group like that to write or edit your book?)

Does the company address look like a regular business address? Google it. The fake addresses claimed by scammers are often Mailbox Depots, virtual offices, or random residential addresses–not what you’d expect from a reputable business.

Does the company say that it’s been in business for X number of years? Check its domain registration (you can use a site like DomainTools). You may discover that has only been around for a few months. Chamber of Authors claims “10+ years of experience”, but its web domain was registered less than a year ago. Ditto for Efficient Ghostwriters, which also claims 10 years. Ghostwriting Solution’s claim of 9 years is slightly closer to the truth–but that doesn’t make it truthful: its domain wasn’t registered until February 2020.

Or maybe there’s one name in the header of the site, but text or testimonials reference a different one. Wiki Ghost Writer’s footer apparently belongs to Pacific Ghostwriting. Finest Creative Writers doesn’t seem to have realized (or doesn’t care) that all the text on its website refers to Book Writing Founders. All the testimonials for Paramount Ghostwriting credit Ghost Writing Guru.

It’s important to carefully peruse the website and supporting materials of any service you’re thinking of using, and to double check any claims.

DUPLICATE SITES

A reputable business doesn’t generally need to maintain more than one website (along with a matching social media presence). Scammers, on the other hand, maximize their victim-harvesting potential by doing business under multiple names and websites. If a site looks iffy–or even just to double-check–some websearching is in order.

Does the website provide the names of writers or staff? Google one or more. For instance, searching on “Scott Truax ghostwriter” (one of the purported ghostwriters at Pro Book Author) reveals that “Scott” is featured on at least eight other sites, most of which have identical formatting and text.

Googling the site’s business address can also expose duplicates (be sure to put the address in quotes to exclude irrelevant results).

Phrase searches can work as well. Copy a distinctively-worded sentence from the website (you shouldn’t have any trouble finding one), and paste it–in quotes–into a browser. Try this phrase from AD Ghostwriting: “Our diversified talent pool with multiple unique skillsets has enabled us to specialize in various genres”. Result: nine other ghostwriting sites using the identical phrase (some that Google has identified as dangerous).

Searching on this, from Stellar Ghostwriting–“Our team of most scintillating ghostwriters are extremely skilled in creating innovatively brilliant content for your book related to any genre”–turns up several other sites using identical language.

EXPLOITING THE BEST-SELLER DREAM

Become a Best-Selling Author! Be the Next Best-Selling Author! Fulfill Your Destiny to Become the Best-Selling Author! Win the Title of Best Seller!

These and similar hyped-up come-ons top the home pages of many ghostscams. As noted above, reputable companies don’t engage in this kind of flimflam: no one can guarantee a best seller, and reputable writers and editors know this. Reputable companies don’t employ these kinds of cheap recruitment tactics.

FALSE CLAIMS

In addition to fictitious staff, many ghostscams include an array of book covers featuring books by well-known trad-pubbed authors, to encourage potential victims to believe these are books they’ve actually worked on. Here’s Book Writing Bureau:

Even if you’re prepared to believe that acclaimed, Pulitzer- and Nobel Prize-winning author Toni Morrison didn’t write her own famous novel, how plausible is it that an online ghostwriting service with “10 years of experience” produced a book originally published in 1987? Or that it worked on Marie Kondo’s The Life-Changing Magic of Tidying Up, originally pubbed in 2010 (in Japanese)?

Such claims are simply ludicrous, and fall apart under the lightest of investigation.

The shameless con artsts at Creative Book Writers are claiming they ghost wrote my novel TRUE FICTION. When my brother @todgoldberg called & confronted them about it, they hung up on him. I tried calling, too, but nobody answered. pic.twitter.com/O2j9p5jh2W

— Lee Goldberg (@LeeGoldberg) January 18, 2022

Well. This was a very unpleasant, and very unexpected surprise, and it looks like I’m gonna have to break my metaphorical foot off in somebody’s ass. This ghostwriting scam site is claiming to have written my book, THE HOLLOW PLACES. pic.twitter.com/F78FclweCg

— Kingfisher & Wombat (@UrsulaV) January 18, 2022

Falsehoods aren’t limited to website claims, either. The (real human) sales associates who staff the ghostscams’ chat windows are happy to lie:

This one didn’t just lie, but embellished:

Lee Goldberg and his brother Tod have also been messing with ghostscam sales associates, with hilarious results when they’re forced off script:

In a subsequent conversation, a different Susan resorted to pretending she was a bot:

THE SCAM HIVE

I’m not surprised by much in the scam space, but I confess I was astounded by the number of ghostwriting sites I found once I began to research. The sites below–all of which are related to one another by identical content, design, addresses, and more–are just what I found in a few hours of searching.

I haven’t provided live links, but you can copy and paste if you want to explore.

Pacific Ghostwriting: https://www.pacificghostwriting.com/

Creative Book Writers: https://www.creativebookwriters.com/

Professional Ghostwriter: https://www.professionalghostwriter.com/

Professional Book Writing: https://professionalbookwriting.com/

Ghost Book Write: https://ghostbookwrite.com/

Stellar Ghostwriting: https://stellarghostwriting.com/

Efficient Ghostwriter: https://www.efficientghostwriter.com/

The Book Writing Corp: https://www.thebookwritingcorp.com/

Premium Book Writing: https://premiumbookwriting.com/

Pro Book Author: https://probookauthor.com/

Ghostwriting Avenue: https://www.ghostwritingavenue.com/

Central Ghostwriting: https://www.centralghostwriting.com/

Ghostwriting Publication: https://ghostwritingpublication.com/

Paramount Ghostwriters: https://paramountghostwriters.com/

Paramount Ghostwriting: https://paramountghostwriting.com/

Versatile Ghostwriters: https://www.versatileghostwriters.com/

AD Ghostwriting: https://adghostwriting.com/

Amazon Writing Hub: https://amazonwritinghub.com/

Britain Book Writing: https://www.britainbookwriting.co.uk/

Ghostwriter LLC: https://ghostwriterllc.com/

SEO Pro Hub: https://seoprohub.co.uk/lp/book-writing/

Ghostwriter Experts: https://www.ghostwriterexperts.com/index.php

Ghostwriting Author: https://www.ghostwritingauthor.com/ (defunct)

Pearson Ghostwriting: https://www.pearsonghostwriting.com/ (defunct)

Ghostwriting Guru: https://ghostwritingguru.com/

Book Writing Bureau: https://www.bookwritingbureau.com/

Chamber of Authors: https://chamberofauthors.com/about-us

Agile Ghost Writing: https://agileghostwriting.com/about-us

Suzanne Collins Academy: https://suzannecollinsacademy.com/about-us.php

Ghostwriting Express: https://www.ghostwritingexpress.com/about

Ghostwriting Solution https://ghostwritingsolution.com/authors/

Ghostwriting Publication https://ghostwritingpublication.com/authors/

Ghostwriting Founder: https://www.ghostwritingfounder.com/about-us/

Bookwriting Founders: https://www.bookwritingfounders.com/about-us/

Finest Creative Writers: https://www.finestcreativewriters.com/book-publishing/

Wiki Ghost Writer: https://www.wikighostwriter.com/about-us.php

Lincoln Writes: https://www.lincolnwrites.com/about-us

Octa Ghostwriting: https://octaghostwriting.com/about-us

FINAL NOTE

In researching this post over the past five days, I chatted with dozens of ghostscam sales associates to get an idea of pitches and price ranges for various services. The scams’ chat windows are normally super-eager to engage visitors…but my explorations–plus, possibly, the brutal trolling by Lee and Tod Goldberg and the attendant social media call-outs–seems to have triggered some alarms in scamland (remember, most of these sites are connected, so it makes sense they’d notice patterns).

When I tried to use chat windows yesterday evening, as part of proofing and double-checking this post, I either could see no chat windows at all, or got a message like this:

Looks like they blocked me. Oh well.

UPDATE 7/20/22: Most ghostscams offer a money back guarantee, but you wouldn’t be wrong in suspecting that that’s just window dressing to soothe the anxieties of potential marks. I just heard from a writer who paid one of the services mentioned above, but then had second thoughts and asked for a refund. First they were strung along with excuses (We sent it! No idea why you didn’t get it! etc.), but eventually, when they kept pushing, were told flatly that the company didn’t consider that they deserved to be reimbursed.

17 Comments

  1. Hi Victoria,

    You never fail to amaze me with your diligence and research.
    I just love reading your reports.
    I did find one of the Ghostwriters on Linkedin! Surprise!
    I did a screen shot of the guy that seems to be on your list. Nanda Behl
    with contact details. The image looks identical to yours. He may not know of this scam.
    Linkedin.com/in/nanda-behl-9a6942175

    But, did not go any further.
    Keep up the good work.

  2. I'm still trying to grasp the concept of the average newish writer using a ghostwriting service to "help" with their story. I mean, I get if you're a busy known person in a particular entertainment/sports field whose writing skills just honestly aren't there needing a ghostwriter to put your story into print. But why an ordinary person? If you're not confident in your skills at all, maybe you're better off either not pursuing it or taking a few basic creative writing classes/workshops to acquire the basic skill set to put you on your chosen path of fun.

  3. G.B. Miller, there's a whole subculture in the self-publishing world devoted to paying other people to write books that are then published under your name–the idea is to set up a kind of writing franchise where you pay a minimum fee to someone on Fiverr or a similar jobs site and then collect the income. I think the ghostwriting scams are at least partly an outgrowth of that.

    On the other hand, I hear semi-often from people who have a book idea but don't feel they have writing skills, and want to hire–or find for free–someone to do the actual writing. And the ghostwriting scams offer a range of other services that writers are willing to pay for, such as editing and publishing. So there are definitely customers for these kinds of services–unfortunately. As with the Nigerian-style spam scams, they only need a tiny uptake to make money–especially given the web of interrelated websites.

  4. DOG GONNIT.
    I wish I had searched better on Paramount Ghostwrites.
    This is a great resource.
    I had written (Myself with a paid editor) and published my first book with the idea for 2-4 more books and thought it was well worth (HAHA) to hire this firm to help me get #2 & #3 out, after all I had content from my prior book and transcriptions from lectures and podcasts that could be used to bring them up to speed and provide raw content for my business books.
    Waste of time and money. Money I can earn back, time I cannot.

  5. I have a better case study please share the details of the person whom I can contact to give insights about a couple of these websites as I have tried paying a few of the companies mentioned above and they are completely scam and ripping off people

  6. Amazing research that you have done. Can you kindly print the entire article? After printing just squeesh it and shove it all up in your ass lady. Many names that you have added here are ligit businesses. They were already facing a lot of problems because these scams are copying all their content and info to create their own websites for scamming. Now you added another pillar of problem for them. GREAT! Stupid researchers. Atleast, finish your education before you go out public with your $2 research.

  7. He could have given the names of the legit one’s he is referring to.
    So where are the legit one’s? Who are they? Of course I will find them.
    Really great article. Thank you for your great work here.

  8. Frank says:

    Thanks for leaving a reply to my inquiry about Ghost Writer Experts. They can barely speak English on the phone, claim to be African Americans, and call my house about ten times a day.

  9. Does anyone here know of the company Ghost Book Writers (website: http://www.ghostbookwriters.org, allegedly located in Brooklyn, NY). I am concerned that a colleague of mine who was in search of e-book publishing services may have been scammed. Thanks in advance!

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